Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering(AE & IE)
Instrumentation is defined as the art and science of measurement and control of process variables within a production, or manufacturing area. In general we can say Instrumentation is a branch of science which deals with instruments. A world without instruments is like going back to the Stone Age. Today we find instruments at everywhere (i.e. home & work place) and this was possible only because of the instrumentation engineering. "It is a multi-disciplinary stream and covers subjects from various branches such as electrical, electronics, chemical, mechanical, and computers". Instrumentation Engineering is a specialized branch of electrical and electronics engineering and it deals with measurement, control and automation of processes.
The scope of this particular Applied Electronics and Instrumentation branch is vast and it bridges almost all the branches of engineering. Moreover, it appears to be a growing field, and this process is gaining momentum due to the increased use of automatic control in manufacturing and process plants.
The primary focus of this branch is on the principles of operation of measuring instruments used in automated systems. It gives the knowledge to create, construct and maintain measuring and control devices and systems found in manufacturing plants and process industries. Instrumentation plays a vital role in the development of automation techniques in manufacturing and processing plants and may see more growth opportunities in different engineering fields.
What functions does an AE & I Engineer Perform?
- Control of Industrial Processes
- Design and Analysis of Measurement Systems
- Design of Electronic Chips and ICs
- Design of Sensors
- Industrial Automation and Control
CAREER PATHS: Options and Opportunities
All manufacturing industries such as steel, oil, petrochemical, power and Defense production of instruments is managed by instrumentation engineers. Automation is the core job of instrumentation engineers. Hence, the demand for instrumentation will always be there.Now a days the growth in the avionics, aeronautical and space science sectors has also increased the scope for instrumentation engineers. Instrumentation engineers can also fit in both the software and hardware sectors.
Students can avail jobs in PSUs (HAL, NALCO,SAIL,NTPC, BEL, ONGC, Reliance, HPCL, IOCL, BPCL, etc.) , Core companies(Maruti, Tata Motors, Hindustan Motors etc.), Govt. Sector (Railways, D.R.D.O, ISRO etc) and Software companies (Infosys, TCS, Wipro, Cognizant, Accenture, Mindtree, Capgemine, HCL etc.).
Scope for Higher Studies:
- M S in Foreign Countries through GRE
- MTech IITs and NITs
- MBA in IIMs and other premier management institutes
- Research opportunities through JRF and SRF
- PhD in IITs and Abroad
Scope for Research in:
- Semiconductor devices
- Bio-Medical Instrumentation and Signal Processing
- Sensor Networks
- Instrumentation and Control